Digestion Simplified /Why Balanced Meals Are Important
Digestion is the process by which the body breaks down food into smaller molecules that can be absorbed and used for energy and growth. The process of digestion starts in the mouth, where food is mechanically and chemically broken down by enzymes.
(Mastication is the scientific word for chewing and the enzymes in the saliva breaking down the food.)
The process of digestion then moves to the stomach, where food is mixed with stomach acid (Hydrochloric Acid) and enzymes to break it down further. The partially digested food then moves into the small intestine, where it is further broken down by enzymes and absorbed into the bloodstream.
Finally, the undigested food moves into the large intestine, where water and electrolytes are absorbed, and the remaining material is compacted and eliminated as feces.
A balanced meal containing a combination of protein, carbohydrates, and fats can help to regulate digestion and make the process more efficient.
For example, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which is the primary energy source for the body, and protein is broken down into amino acids that help in the repair and growth of cells. Fats slow down digestion and provide a longer-lasting energy source.
Eating a balanced meal with all three macronutrients can also help to regulate blood sugar levels, keep you feeling full and satisfied longer, and promote overall health.
For a more detailed understanding of the digestive system, attached is a fantastic resource that explains it in language that is easy to understand but goes into more depth.